Theileria, affects the health of cows; Preventive and curative measures for the awareness of farmers
Theileria is a type of parasitic that enters the bloodstream of cattle. These parasites enter the body of ticks which sucks the blood of cattle. Theileria parasites can survive in the body of the tick for a long time. While the ticks suck the blood of cattle, the parasites are transmitted to the cattle’s bloodstream through the saliva of ticks. These parasites further attack the RBC of cattle blood and thus reduce the Hemoglobin content.
Symptoms of Theileria include fever, weakness, dullness to intake feed, etc.
This disease requires timely injection and treatment, otherwise, this may spread to other organs from blood and become fatal.
These parasites take advantage when the cow's immune system is weak. For instance, when the cow is transported from one region to another, change in climate, etc. There should be medicine injection timely during such situations.
It is not mandatory to take Theileria medications just by detecting Theileria in the cow's bloodstream. Injections should be taken only if the cow’s blood shows reduced Hemoglobin count or WBC count. Injections should be only taken under the advice of a veterinary doctor. Along with the medication, ensure that iron-containing tonics are provided for improving Hemoglobin content. To eliminate ticks that transmit this Theileria parasite, Cypermethrin can be applied to a cow’s body. Pouron is a medicine that can be applied to the cow's body from head to tail, for tick removal. Injection of IVERMECTIN/DORAMECTIN can be also practiced. Collect and burn all the wastes around the farm. Keep the farm and surroundings hygienic.