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A close watch is always needed to identify the disease symptoms in a cow

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Cow health is very important in profitable cow rearing. As soon as the first symptoms of various diseases of cows are noticed, taking remedial action/treatment, It is possible to reduce the financial loss very much.  Identification of Symptoms To find out if any of the cows show any symptoms of the disease, it is of utmost importance to have an individual observation of each of them. This will lead to proper control of diseases and timely care. The tendency to stand with the head bowed or away from the herd is not a good symptom. Healthy cows will have a good appetite and will be seen taking feed efficiently. Not taking feed, and not chewing the cud can be a disease symptom, provided that it is ensured not because of changes in the feed quality or taste. Healthy cows will have soft skin, that can be elastic in nature (ie, it can be pulled easily and if left, it will go back to its original form). Dry and hard skin is a disease symptom. Risen hairs, hair falls and hairs without luster a

Theileria, affects the health of cows; Preventive and curative measures for the awareness of farmers

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Theileria is a type of parasitic that enters the bloodstream of cattle. These parasites enter the body of ticks which sucks the blood of cattle. Theileria parasites can survive in the body of the tick for a long time. While the ticks suck the blood of cattle, the parasites are transmitted to the cattle’s bloodstream through the saliva of ticks. These parasites further attack the RBC of cattle blood and thus reduce the Hemoglobin content.  Symptoms of Theileria include fever, weakness, dullness to intake feed, etc.  This disease requires timely injection and treatment, otherwise, this may spread to other organs from blood and become fatal. These parasites take advantage when the cow's immune system is weak. For instance, when the cow is transported from one region to another, change in climate, etc. There should be medicine injection timely during such situations. It is not mandatory to take Theileria medications just by detecting Theileria in the cow's bloodstream. Injections s

Here are some statistics and schedules that farmers need to know for profitable cattle rearing.

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Similar to any other venture, there are certain schedules and statistics involved in cattle farming also. Often the miscalculations and untimely actions lead to losses. Let us learn them one by one : Caring the calves Dairy farmers need to pay attention when it comes to calves' health care : The average weight of a hybrid calf at the time of calving is 25Kgs. The first dose of deworming medication is on the 10th day after birth. The calf should consume colostrum within 30 minutes after birth. The colostrum should be given in a quantity of 5-8% of the calf's body weight. Ie, 2.5-3.5 Kg. After 10-12 hours of first feeding, repeat feeding. From the 2nd and 3rd day onwards, ensure that the calf is consuming milk proportional to 10% of its body weight. Cut the umbilical cord just after calving. Ensure that the cut is 2-3 cms away from the calf’s body. Colostrum is rich in 5-6% fat and 2-5% lactose. Extra teats should be removed within 2 months post-calving. The calf should be ear-ta

How to identify and prevent repeat breeding ?

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Identification and Preventive measures for repeat breeding Identification If the cows are not conceiving even after subsequent inseminations, repeat breeding can be suspected. By testing the color and quality of the vaginal discharge, we can identify whether the cow has any uterus infections. Whiteside test : Uterus infections without visible symptoms can be identified using this test. Phenolsulfonphthalein test, endometrial biopsy, ultrasonic scanning, cervical mucus test, etc be used to identify reproductive aberrations.  Methods to prevent repeat breeding Avoid inseminations in subsequent heat cycles, instead of that, give sexual rest. This method has been found efficient to tackle this plight. Sexual rest leads to increased flow of White Blood Cells to the infected cells and will initiate repairs. Artificial Insemination should be done by recognized institutions.  Repeat breeding caused by late ovulation can be surmounted by inseminating twice keeping 24 hours. Inseminating once ea

Why has conception in cows come to a Himalayan task? Know the reasons

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  Why has conception in cows come to a Himalayan task? Know the reasons R Anantha Krishnan                 Image source: The New Indian Express A major component in a profitable dairy farm is high milk-yielding animals. Along with that, it is equally important to ensure the reproductive health of your dairy animals.  A cow that conceives in one or two inseminations is an asset for a dairy farmer or an entrepreneur. Nowadays, almost 30% of the cattle in dairy farms are sold due to repeated breeding requirements. If a cattle is not conceived even after 2-3 inseminations, such animals are called repeat breeders. Why the repeat breeding trend is rising? It is a complex task to identify the reasons specifically, but we can say that 25% of repeated breeding is due to fetal death and 15% is due to failure to fertilize. Image Source: Farmers Weekly The need to avoid repeat breeding. The average duration of heat cycles in cows is 21 days. If the heat duration completes without conception, it’s

How to turn old cows profitable?

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    How to solve India’s cattle menace? An average cow has a milking span of only seven years, whereas it has a lifespan of about 18-25 years. This indicates that for a dairy farmer, a cow becomes a burden after the milking span. This burden is highly reflected on Indian roads in the form of stray cattle. In some parts of the country, the cow protection groups take care of these abandoned cattle. Even though they protect them on religious grounds, these cattle are economically a burden for them. This is where cow-based farming shows us that an Indian-origin cow is a profit in every aspect. Let us know how this farming model works!     Crop farmer earns, not a dairy farmer!   An Indian-origin cow is not only about A2 milk, but also the quality of dung and urine they produce. A freely grazed Indian cow’s dung is full of beneficial microbes, which can be augmented by using nutrient supplements like jaggery. With some more additions, this becomes excellent manure for crops. Similarly, co

Eight steps for setting up a profitable piggery business

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                       Animal husbandry and livestock sectors are critical for the rural livelihood and economic development of the country. Among the livestock species, the pig finds an important place as it is reared by socio-economically weaker sections of the society. Pig farming in India is one of the lucrative and profitable livestock businesses. Benefits of Pig farming The investment cost is usually low and is mainly focused on buying equipment and building shelter houses.   As compared to other livestock animals, pigs generally grow faster. They have a higher feed-to-meat conversion efficiency. Pig meat is one of the tastiest and nutritious meat. They can convert all types of inedible feeds, forages, certain grains byproducts obtained from mills, damaged feeds, meat byproducts, garbage, etc. into valuable, nutritious, and delicious meat. The ratio of total consumable meat and total body weight is higher in pigs. You can get around 60 to 80 percent of consumable meat fro